The government of Turkey banned companies from terminating employment contracts as a response to the covid-19 pandemic crisis. However, there is an exemption. Companies still have the right to terminate employment contracts based on “immoral, dishonorable or malicious conduct or other similar behavior.”
Companies must report to the SGK when they fire a worker based on the so-called “immoral, dishonorable or malicious conduct or other similar behavior” by using the Code-29. Any worker who is fired using the Code-29 is not entitled to a severance payment and unemployment benefit. Someone deemed immoral under Code-29 will have difficulties in finding a new job. In 2020, 233,400 people were fired under Code-29, while the corresponding figure for 2019 was 194,524.
According to The Revolutionary Trade Union Confederation, companies abuse the Code-29 to circumvent the ban on layoffs imposed ruing the Covid-19 pandemic. Even some people were fired under the article because they joined a union.