Practices of procurement in 5 EU countries

Public procurement is the term used to describe the purchasing of works, products and services by all public bodies, including central government, local authorities, fire and police authorities, defence, health services, and public and private utilities.

The EU public procurement market is a fundamental part of the European single market and is governed by rules and regulations intended to remove barriers and guarantee non-discriminatory and competitive markets. The principle of public procurement is to introduce a broad range of potential suppliers to the public sector and utilities resulting in reduced cost, while at the same time opening up national markets for all EU-based bidders. The principles of non-discrimination, transparency and economic viability are aimed at ensuring the free movement of goods and services within the EU.

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