Apple has faced heavy criticism from the President Donald Trump administration, which demands that it creates jobs in the USA. A report by Jenny Chan and Mark Selden in ‘China’s Worlds’ (2017) looks at Apple’s response to this criticism of its outsourcing of manufacturing jobs form the USA.

Designed by Apple in California, Assembled in the USA” — is a recent slogan for Apple products. However, few Apple products have been assembled, still less built, in the USA in recent decades. In 2013 Apple began building small numbers of its Mac Pro computers through partnering with Flextronics in Austin, Texas. Yet, the operation is small and is likely to remain so. In common with many other American firms whose products are produced by low-wage workers overseas, Apple has faced heavy criticism from officials in the Trump administration which demands that it creates manufacturing jobs in the US.

Apple and Foxconn in the Trump Era.pdf (2057 downloads )


Mark Selden: is a Senior Research Associate in the East Asia Program at Cornell University, a Research Fellow at the Asian/Pacific/American Studies Institute at New York University, and an Editor of the Asia-Pacific Journal. He researches the modern and contemporary geopolitics, political economy and history of China, Japan and the Asia Pacific. His books include: China in Revolution: The Yenan Way Revisited; The Political Economy of Chinese Development; Chinese Village, Socialist State; Chinese Society: Change, Conflict and Resistance; The Resurgence of East Asia: 500, 150 and 50 Year Perspectives; and, The Cambridge History of Communism. His homepage is

Jenny Chan (Ph.D. 2014): is an AssistantProfessor of Sociology in the Department of Applied Social Sciences at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University.Prior to joining the PolyU, she was a Lecturer of Sociology and Contemporary China Studies at the School of Interdisciplinary Area Studies, and a Junior Research Fellow of Kellogg College, University of Oxford. She serves as an elected Board Member of the International Sociological Association’s Research Committee on Labor Movements (2014-2018), an Editor of the Global Labour Journal (2015-2018) and a Contributing Editor of the Asia-Pacific Journal (2015-present).